During puberty (for girls from 10 to 16 years old, for boys from 12 to 18 years old), the body will have a 1-2 year height increase from 8 to 12cm per year if it is given nutrition and exercise. reasonable. If the child is not growing tall, thinness may be a sign of calcium deficiency during puberty.
* Important role of calcium for puberty.
During puberty (for girls from 10 to 16 years old, for boys from 12 to 18 years old), the body will have a 1-2 year height increase from 8 to 12cm per year if it is given nutrition and exercise. reasonable. After puberty, the growth rate will slow down, only about 2cm per year. The next stage until the age of 25, the growth is very slow, increasing only very little or almost no increase.
Calcium is essential for bone growth during this period. In addition, puberty is also the time when the body accumulates calcium for adulthood. Therefore, the lack of calcium during puberty not only prevents the body from reaching its maximum height, but also increases the risk of osteoporosis later in life. According to Boston Children’s Hospital (USA), children between the ages of 9 and 18 need 1,300 mg of calcium per day.
Puberty is a period in which both mind and physiology develop. In boys, at puberty, they mainly develop the skeletal system, with slight physiological changes. But in girls, puberty will have more obvious physiological changes. And babies will lose blood every month due to menstruation. During this period, if there is a lack of calcium, puberty will develop incompletely and comprehensively. In addition, the children may be affected to health such as: malnutrition, micronutrient deficiency, sexual retardation, anemia… and a number of other related diseases. Therefore, the issue of calcium supplementation for puberty is not to be taken lightly and lightly.
According to scientists, the period of puberty from 10 to 18 years old is the golden time that determines a person’s physique, bone quality and height measurement. Therefore, a scientific diet, moderate activity, combined with reasonable exercise will maximize the development of body stature. The main determining factor for the maximum growth of each person’s height is calcium and vitamin D
* Guidelines for calcium supplementation to prevent pubertal calcium deficiency.
Calcium can be taken into the body by daily meals or specialized calcium supplements. Supplement calcium with daily meals through a number of calcium-rich foods such as: seafood dishes (shrimp, crab, oysters, fish…), vegetables (lettuce, cabbage, kale, celery) …). In addition, green vegetables also contain vitamin K – a forming factor of osteocalcin, osteocalcin helps to accumulate calcium in the bones. However, it is difficult to determine the amount of calcium intake from meals, because it also depends on food quality, processing, absorption of each person… Normally, only 20% of calcium in food Products will be absorbed into the body, the rest will be excreted out. Therefore, for the growing age, in addition to a reasonable diet rich in calcium, to achieve optimal height, parents need to supplement calcium from calcium products (Ossocal, calcium corbie …)
In addition, to avoid calcium deficiency during puberty, to increase the height of the child optimally, parents should add: