Personal lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and improve memory within 18 months.
The study, published on October 30, was conducted by neurologist Richard Isaacson, who works at the New York – Presbyterian Medical Center. This is the first experiment, conducted in a real-life clinic, to show that individual lifestyle changes can improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and heart disease, said Dr. These lifestyle changes include diet, exercise, and brain training.
Since 2013, patients at NewYork-Presbyterian Medical Center’s Alzheimer’s Clinic undergo physical and mental exams and undergo magnetic resonance imaging. This process helps detect early signs of amyloid plaque, the main cause of Alzheimer’s disease.
The scientists also recorded medical history, genetic factors, nutrition, exercise habits, stress levels and sleep duration. 154 patients between the ages of 25 and 86 did not have Alzheimer’s disease, but all lived in families with at least one member with the disease. Cognitive tests yielded relatively negative results, according to experts.
Based on the results, the patients were provided with a personalized schedule of 21 lifestyle changes to implement.
“Physical activity and nutrition are the two most important factors, both of which are highly individualized for each patient,” says Dr. Richard.
While some people receive a schedule that encourages aerobic exercise, others receive a weight training schedule.
The experiment also monitored the patient’s nutrition, including drinking habits, drinking milk, using minerals and vitamins… Dr. Richard said that only caffeinated drinks should be used before 2pm every day to Does not affect sleep. Besides, it is not recommended to consume carbohydrates continuously within 12 hours, this is called intermittent fasting cycle.
The results showed that the group of patients who performed less than 60% of the suggested lifestyle changes had no improvement in brain function. Meanwhile, the group of patients who adhered to 60% or more of the schedule (on average 12 out of 21 habits) had better memory and thinking ability within the following 18 months.
According to Harvard University Professor of Neurology Rudy Tanzi: “More of these forms of clinical research need to be done. We’ve spent too much time on drug trials, but lifestyle changes too. can maintain the memory capacity of the brain”.
Alzheimer’s disease begins to form in the brain about 20 to 30 years before symptoms appear. An estimated 47 million Americans are living with this preclinical type of Alzheimer’s.