Heart attack is a serious condition with a very high risk of death. More importantly, even with timely emergency care, the patient can still suddenly die suddenly. Therefore, we need to early recognize dangerous complications after myocardial infarction to take the most timely preventive measures.
Myocardial infarction is a dangerous complication of coronary artery disease. Because of the sudden onset, many cases of emergency patients do not make it in time, which leads to death. If you are lucky enough to survive a heart attack, you need to be cared for and rested properly. Especially a scientific diet to gradually prevent cardiovascular complications.
* What is a heart attack?
Myocardial infarction is a complication of cardiovascular disease. According to studies, the death rate related to myocardial infarction accounts for up to 10%. That is an extremely alarming number.
Symptoms of a heart attack often come on suddenly and are difficult to control. It originates when the blood flow carrying nutrients to the heart is suddenly blocked. As a result, the heart does not receive the necessary amount of blood and will gradually die. In such a situation, if not treated promptly, the patient will die very quickly. If you are lucky enough to survive, the chances of heart failure are also very high.
Subjects with myocardial infarction are mainly obese people, people with a sedentary lifestyle, people who smoke a lot, have high blood pressure or have diabetes.
Most cases of frequent myocardial infarction appear with the initial symptom, which is a severe pain in the front of the heart. Then gradually spread to the left shoulder, right shoulder and spread to the fingers. In addition, in some patients, there are signs such as nausea, cold hands and feet or pale skin, sweating like bathing, …
* Early complications of myocardial infarction.
Within 3 weeks after myocardial infarction, the mortality rate of patients is still very high. The reason is because at this time the heart rate in the body is still not stable. Therefore, the risk of heart rupture, cardiogenic shock or pulmonary embolism, cardiac embolism is very likely to occur. Therefore, to prevent heart complications, patients and their families need to recognize abnormal signs early to take the most timely preventive measures. Here are the early complications after a heart attack.
* Risk of sudden death.
It is estimated that up to 10% of patients will die suddenly within the first week after a heart attack. The reason is because the ventricular tachycardia of the heart causes the heart’s ventricles to vibrate, causing acute collapse and pulmonary embolism. Even a broken heart.
* Acute heart failure.
This complication will appear in the first 2 weeks after a heart attack. Accompanying symptoms include: Low blood pressure, sweating, rapid pulse, weakness, or feeling suddenly short of breath. In addition, with cases of left heart failure can lead to acute pulmonary edema.
* Cardiac arrhythmia.
Up to 90% of patients develop arrhythmias after myocardial infarction. More importantly, if this condition appears within 48 hours of having a heart attack, it is extremely dangerous. Therefore, solutions to prevent arrhythmias are always put first to bring the heart rate to a normal level.
* Complications due to vascular occlusion.
The blood clot formed by a heart attack will travel to other organs in the body. This can lead to an embolism, which can lead to a pulmonary embolism or even a stroke.
* Broken heart .
Up to 5-10% of heart rupture cases are in the 2nd week of myocardial infarction. This is a very serious complication that accounts for a large number of deaths.
* Myocardial ischemia and recurrent myocardial infarction.
Even after a heart attack has been treated, there is still a chance that the patient will have a relapse. Complications of recurrent myocardial infarction and myocardial ischemia mainly occur in people with long-term diabetes. The most recognizable symptom is severe pain in the left chest. Therefore, when there are signs of angina, the patient must be treated promptly to help prevent the risk of death.
* Late complications of myocardial infarction.
In addition to early complications that appear 1-2 weeks after a heart attack, there are still late complications that are silent but very dangerous. Specifically:
* Enlarged heart septum.
Enlarged heart septum accounts for 30% of people suffering from myocardial infarction. Accompanying symptoms may be heart failure or aortic occlusion.
* Heart failure .
During a heart attack, the function and functioning of the heart will rapidly decline. Over time, it can lead to very dangerous heart failure complications.
* Inflammation of the pericardium.
While not a common complication, a small number of patients will experience it after a heart attack. The obvious symptoms are sudden pain in the sternum, pain when coughing and moving.
* Pain in nerves.
Many patients report that they feel heaviness and pain in the chest area long after a heart attack. Although this is the mildest complication, it still has a significant impact on the patient’s life. Therefore, you absolutely must not be subjective.
The following are extremely dangerous complications after a heart attack. These complications, if not detected and treated promptly, can easily lead to death. Therefore, as soon as you notice one of the above symptoms, quickly give first aid and contact the nearest emergency department.