Dark circles under the eyes not only affect aesthetics but are also a warning sign of poor health.
Dark and dark skin under the eyes is often the result of two related dermatological problems. One is the thinning of the skin under the eyes, making the blood vessels more visible. Second, swelling around the eye area leads to dark circles.
There are many root causes of dark circles under eyes:
1. Lack of sleep
Lack of sleep can cause the skin to become pale. That means blood vessels under the skin will be more visible and dark circles appear. Getting at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep every night will help reduce this.
As you get older, the skin around your eyes becomes thinner, making the puffiness visible as if it were swollen. There are several treatments for dark circles such as filler injections or laser treatment. However, not everyone is suitable or recommended to use these two solutions.
Dry eyes or allergies can also cause dark circles under the eyes. When your immune system reacts to an allergen, your body produces histamine, which makes your eyes feel itchy and red. At that time, you will often rub your hands over the eye area to reduce the itching sensation, but this action further irritates the skin and causes dark circles to appear.
If you are having symptoms of an allergic reaction such as itchy eyes, sneezing or stuffy nose, this could also be the cause of dark circles under your eyes.
At this time, you should consult your doctor to take anti-allergy medicine, relieve itching and dark circles under the eyes.
4. Genetic factors
In addition to external factors, genetic factors can also be the reason why dark circles appear.
A study published in a medical journal in Brazil confirmed that psychological problems and lifestyle habits affect the formation of dark circles in Brazilians.
The researchers also pointed out that genetics in the ability to produce melanin and collagen levels in the body are also important factors in the formation of dark circles under the eyes. The average age for dark circles to appear is 24.
Collagen is a type of protein in the body that helps skin elasticity and limit the appearance of wrinkles. Meanwhile, melanin produces brown or black pigment in the skin. However, dermatologists can completely control this problem.
5. Iron deficiency and anemia
The cause is usually a diet that does not provide enough iron. For people with anemia, red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygen to the organs, including the eyes. This condition leads to dark circles.
A study in India with 200 patients with dark circles showed that they were all anemic. After the disease was treated, the above phenomenon also improved significantly.
Symptoms of anemia are usually dizziness, fatigue, and pale skin. If you think you are anemic, see your doctor. They will give advice on iron supplements accordingly.
Some iron-rich foods you should eat regularly are spinach, beans, and seafood.
6. Smoking and drinking
Both smoking and alcohol consumption increase the risk of dark circles. Specifically, drinking alcohol causes blood vessels under the eyes to dilate, making dark circles worse. Not to mention drinking alcohol also affects the quality of sleep – the cause of dark circles under the eyes.
The carbon monoxide in cigarettes limits the amount of oxygen delivered to the skin. This means that the thin skin becomes easily bruised and pale. Smoking also makes the body age faster by destroying collagen.